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School--based curriculum planning


Students are entitled to the learning experiences provided in the central curriculum. Therefore, schools and teachers are encouraged to adapt the central curriculum in developing their school-based curriculum to enhance student learning. Adaptation measures may include formulating the learning targets, varying the organization of contents,

offering optional studies, and adopting diverse learning, teaching and assessment strategies. Hence, when developing a school-based curriculum, apart from adopting the guidelines from the CDC, schools should also take into account teachers’ professional views when making school-based adaptations, and strike a balance between such considerations.

School--based curriculum planning Introduction

Students are entitled to the learning experiences provided in the central curriculum. Therefore, schools and teachers are encouraged to adapt the central curriculum in developing their school-based curriculum to enhance student learning. Adaptation measures may include formulating the learning targets, varying the organization of contents, offering optional studies, and adopting diverse learning, teaching and assessment strategies. Hence, when developing a school-based curriculum, apart from adopting the guidelines from the CDC, schools should also take into account teachers’ professional views when making school-based adaptations, and strike a balance between such considerations. While designing the school-based curriculum, schools should develop a practical whole-school curriculum plan which is based on the reflections on their strengths, the mission of their school as well as the targets of the curriculum reform. This systematic plan can ensure that every member of the school works towards achieving the priority learning targets set by the school through planning targets of different phases and strategic steps of the school curriculum development. . Schools have to ensure that the school-based curriculum is in line with the overall aims of education set out by the Education Commission and the overall aims of the school curriculum set out by the CDC: .

Overall Aims of Education set out by the Education Commission

To enable every person to attain all-round development in the domains of ethics, intellect, physique, social skills and aesthetics according to his/ her own attributes so that he/ she is capable of lifelong learning, critical and exploratory thinking, innovating and adapting to change; filled with self-confidence and a team spirit; willing to put forward continuing effort for the prosperity, progress, freedom and democracy of their society, and contribute to the future well-being of the nation and the world at large. Overall Aims of the School Curriculum set out by the CDC

The school curriculum should provide all students with essential lifelong learning experiences for whole-person development in the domains of ethics, intellect, physical development, social skills and aesthetics, according to individual potential, so that all students can become active, responsible, and contributing members of society, the nation and the world. The school curriculum should help students to learn how to learn through cultivating positive values, attitudes, and a commitment to lifelong learning, and through developing generic skills to acquire and construct knowledge. These qualities are essential for whole-person development to cope with the challenges of the 21st century. A quality curriculum for the 21st century should therefore set the directions for teaching and learning through a coherent and flexible framework which can be adapted to changes and the different needs of students and schools. .

 


 

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